Introduction to Industry
Cooling towers are used in a wide range of industrial and commercial applications to remove excess heat from industrial processes or building air conditioning systems. The process of cooling involves the circulation of water through the cooling tower to absorb the heat from the process or system and then dissipate it into the surrounding atmosphere through evaporation.
As a result of this process, the water in the cooling tower becomes contaminated with a variety of impurities, including suspended solids, dissolved minerals, and organic compounds. The accumulation of these impurities over time can lead to scaling, corrosion, and fouling of the cooling tower equipment, reducing its efficiency and potentially causing equipment failure.
To maintain the optimal performance of cooling towers, the contaminated water must be treated and disposed of properly. This water, known as cooling tower wastewater, is typically discharged into municipal wastewater treatment systems or released into the environment after treatment to meet regulatory requirements.